Gedachten over hoop

Er is in de filosofie een hoop geschreven over hoop. Een aantal gedachten – citaten en links – over hoop verzamelen wij hier in voorbereiding op de toekomstverkenning 2021 en  Hoop in tijden van crisis – Online-Symposium

 

Hoop is een onstandvastige blijheid, schrijft Spinoza in zijn Ethica (Deel 3, 12), ontsproten aan de voorstelling van iets toekomstigs of uit het verleden, omtrent het verloop waarvan wij in enig opzicht twijfelen.

 

De Hl. Thomas van Aquino schrijft in zijn filosofie over passies en handelingen deze saillante passage (Summa Theologiae. I-II. Q. 40):

“The species of a passion is taken from the object. Now, in the object of hope, we may note four conditions.
First, that it is something good; since, properly speaking, hope regards only the good; in this respect, hope differs from fear, which regards evil.
Secondly, that it is future; for hope does not regard that which is present and already possessed: in this respect, hope differs from joy which regards a present good.
Thirdly, that it must be something arduous and difficult to obtain, for we do not speak of any one hoping for trifles, which are in one’s power to have at any time: in this respect, hope differs from desire or cupidity, which regards the future good absolutely: wherefore it belongs to the concupiscible, while hope belongs to the irascible faculty.
Fourthly, that this difficult thing is something possible to obtain: for one does not hope for that which one cannot get at all: and, in this respect, hope differs from despair.’

 

Immanuel Kant combineert hoop, lachen en slapen als een remedie voor de ongemakken van het leven… “Voltaire sagte, der Himmel habe uns zum Gegengewicht gegen die vielen Mühseligkeiten des Lebens zwei Dinge gegeben: die Hoffnung und den Schlaf. Er hätte noch das Lachen dazu rechnen können.”

 

“The whole domain of the supernatural is thus removed from the region of belief into that of simple hope, and in that, for anything we can see, it is likely always to remain.” – Hoop als een desideratum van religie bij J.S. Mill.

 

“Philosophy will have conscience of tomorrow, commitment to the future, knowledge of hope, or it will have no more knowledge.” – Over het principe hoop bij Ernst Bloch: https://tribunemag.co.uk/2020/04/ernst-bloch-and-the-philosophy-of-hope?fbclid=IwAR1-TKoQOCroACZUg096HA4HLzvBd4H_Jv-SAGXsDlbLwp8Y8rZVXKvnbBY

 

Jonathan Lear over radicale hoop: “What makes this hope radical is that it is directed toward a future goodness that transcends the current ability to understand what it is. Radical hope anticipates a good for which those who have the hope as yet lack the appropriate concepts with which to understand it. What would it be for such hope to be justified?”

 

Een interview met onze spreker Peter-Paul Verbeek – volgens hem opent de crisis en nieuwe horizon en helpt ons op en nieuwe manier na te denken over natuur en techniek: https://www.trouw.nl/wetenschap/deze-pandemie-is-een-ijkpunt-in-onze-geschiedenis~b109419c/

“I often think of these times as akin to a spring thaw: it’s as if the pack ice has broken up, the water starts flowing again and boats can move through places they could not during winter. The ice was the arrangement of power relations that we call the status quo – it seems to be stable, and those who benefit from it often insist that it’s unchangeable. Then it changes fast and dramatically, and that can be exhilarating, terrifying, or both.” – Is de crisis een les in hoop? https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/07/what-coronavirus-can-teach-us-about-hope-rebecca-solnit

“What felt impossible has become thinkable.” – Biedt de crisis ons nieuwe mogelijkheden? https://www.newyorker.com/culture/annals-of-inquiry/the-coronavirus-and-our-future?fbclid=IwAR1UdMNgtDNIUuR0S8BxzR1V0Hd6Nc4G9oHO_YC09RMmKTtvd0PFH2uvr_I

 

Hoop als morele plicht? https://www.volkskrant.nl/mensen/deze-beroepsoptimisten-steken-u-een-hart-onder-de-riem-hoop-houden-is-een-morele-plicht~b057a8aef/?utm_source=link&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=shared_earned&fbclid=IwAR3rQhUa2HmVlQrRYvE8v7g0rpsp8fXk7fWwUkuwXwQ7jI5c2Fz53jPx6cQ

Over hoop en existentiële risico’s: https://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/xrisk-xhope-dfns/

Kunnen we tijdens de crisis op meer solidariteit hopen? https://bijnaderinzien.com/2020/06/15/solidariteit-in-een-crisis/?fbclid=IwAR3wA9ocXA3Gu9IBhn2-eRNkeG_qpTgvMimOyQFrW_d_CoxGbWjpN1w8fAQ

 

Hope is the thing with feathers (Emily Dickinson)

Hope is the thing with feathers
That perches in the soul,
And sings the tune without the words,
And never stops at all,

And sweetest in the gale is heard;
And sore must be the storm
That could abash the little bird
That kept so many warm.

I’ve heard it in the chillest land,
And on the strangest sea;
Yet, never, in extremity,
It asked a crumb of me.